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Security has several dimensions, including illegal trafficking across borders, declaration and payment of import duties, immigration control and biosecurity. There have been security incidents in the PNG aviation system such as armed hold-ups at airports and carrying of firearms aboard aircraft.

The Government has increased its aviation security surveillance and response capability in recent years and will continue to improve and extend its systems to provide comprehensive coverage of its air-land interface and security for PNG registered aircraft and for all aircraft travelling within PNG airspace commensurate with the assessed level of risk.

National Aviation Security Programme (NASP)

The National Aviation Security Programme (NASP), developed among the industry stakeholders, will form the guideline document for future improvements in aviation security, together with any compliance actions required by ICAO. The NASP includes an air operator security programme as legally required under Civil Aviation Rule 108 as part of operator certification.

International Conventions

Aviation security is governed by Annex 17 to the Chicago Convention and the security related aspects of Annex 9 (Facilitation). These Annexes set out a range of standards and recommended practices designed to safeguard against an act of unlawful interference with international civil aviation.

While the requirements of the Chicago Convention relate to international operations, the Government will apply similar measures to domestic civil aviation, as far as practicable and commensurate with the assessed level of risk.

Following an ICAO security audit in 2010, Government will agree and implement a compliance action plan with ICAO to redress any identified security issues.

Security Coordination

CASA will act as the coordinating agency for aviation security, liaising with other Government agencies such as the Police, PNG Defence Force, the Border Development Authority, Customs, Immigration and Department of Agriculture to avoid duplication and gaps in security screening. The Government will also coordinate and harmonize its security practices and systems in both its domestic and international air services with those of its neighbours in the Asia Pacific Region and with international good practice.