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The PNG National Weather Service (NWS) began with the transfer of roles and responsibilities of meteorological and related data collection and forecasting responsibilities to the country by the then commonwealth weather bureau of Australia in about September 1975.

Before then the earliest record of data collection was in 1875 when initial rainfall records were taken at downtown Port Moresby.

After that it was mainly the patrol officers that with the aim of have access to postal and aviation services went about collecting meteorological data to attract commonwealth support in a rather rugged country.

The Service currently operates about 14 official stations located mainly at airports throughout the country.

The major objectives of the division include:

  • Meteorological Data & Products
  • Weather Services for the safety of three transport modes and the public from weather related hazards
  • Climate Services for the enhanced community safety and well-being through the effective use of climate and related services by the general public and other major social and economic sectors.
  • Consultative services for enhanced community safety and well-being through the effective use of meteorological consultative services by the general public and other major social and economic sectors.

The four basic missions that form the functions of the NWS include:

  1. Monitoring: Observation and data collection to meet the  needs of future generations or reliable  homogeneous national climatological data;
  2. Services: Provision of meteorological and related data, information, forecast, warning, investigation and advisory services on a national basis;
  3. Research: Research directed towards the advancement of   meteorological science and the development of comprehensive description and scientific understanding of Papua New Guinea’s weather and climate;
  4. International: Co-ordination of Papua New Guinea’s involvement in international meteorology; in particular contributing towards various global data collection efforts.

Climate services

Meteorological data collected at 14 official stations is supplemented by data collected from within the region including, Australia, Indonesia and Solomon Islands are analysed and compromised with international model and satellite data and warnings issued for Severe weather services; Public weather Services & Aviation Weather Services.

For Climate Services a small cost recovery fee is charged on a need by need basis.

Consultancy Services are available for both specialist advice and specialist long term outlooks of which relevant fees may be charged accordingly to set rates.

Visit the NWS website here for weather updates